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Instructions to Authors

Information for Authors | Instructions

Interpretation Instructions to Authors

See below for instructions on how to become an author for the premier journal for subsurface interpretation.


Interpretation is a peer-reviewed journal for advancing the practice of subsurface interpretation. While many activities of geoscientists routinely require judgment, interpretation here specifically refers to conceptualization of the subsurface by an interpreter with incomplete information and a-priori knowledge. An interpreter evaluates alternative subsurface models consistent with available data and selects the most plausible geophysical and geologic scenarios by following scientific methods.

Authors are strongly encouraged, but not required, to include at least one example of recorded data in the manuscript to illustrate the technology or concept being proposed. Authors are asked during the submission process to indicate whether data necessary to reproduce the results reported in the paper are available. A data-availability statement will be published along with the just-accepted and final versions of accepted papers. See the Data and Materials Availability section of these instructions for more information.

Read more about the scope of Interpretation.

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Page charges

To support the high cost of scholarly publication, technical papers usually incur page charges, either voluntary or mandatory or both. Publication decisions are independent of authors' elections regarding voluntary charges. It is important, nonetheless, that authors consider paying voluntary charges if it is within their means (including their employers' or other funders' means to do so).

A new author-fee policy was approved by the SEG Board on 30 January 2020. For papers submitted on or after 1 February 2020, SEG and AAPG member authors are requested but not required to pay US$175 for each of the first ten (10) pages of a published paper; however, they must pay US$275 for each additional page. The mandatory charge for authors who are not members of SEG or AAPG shall be $325 per page for all pages. Papers by SEG and AAPG authors submitted prior to 1 February 2020 will be assessed mandatory page charges of US$225 for the 13th and each subsequent composed page. Nonmember authors submitting prior to 1 February 2020 will be assessed page charges of US$275 for the 13th and each subsequent composed page.

The exact number of pages in an article cannot be confirmed until shortly before printing. However, a reasonable estimate is the number of words in the text divided by 1000 plus 35% of the number of figures and tables. Billing will take place after composition of the paper is complete. No charges are assessed if a submitted manuscript is not published.

Authors will receive an estimate of charges with their galley proofs. Authors can request that figures be reduced in size to reduce the overall length of the paper. Return of the proofs signals confirmation that authors made the proper selections on the author-fee forms and are willing and able to pay the estimated amount unless changes are requested prior to or simultaneous with return of proofs.

Billing will take place after composition of the paper is complete. No charges are assessed if a submitted manuscript is not published.

In addition to these charges, there may be charges for changes requested in the typeset proofs that alter the text or figures in the accepted manuscript. The journal staff will determine such charges from the proofs that reflect the changes.

It is SEG's policy to suspend publication privileges of any author who has a past-due publication-fee account (including page charges, agreed color charges, open-access fees) with the Society. Suspension of privileges includes publishing in GEOPHYSICS, The Leading Edge, Interpretation, and the Annual Meeting Technical Program Expanded Abstracts. If payment is not made, the Author Center in ScholarOne will be removed, and any papers in process will be withdrawn. Coauthors of unpaid manuscripts also may be subject to suspension of publication privileges. If charges are divided among authors of a paper, coauthors who have met their share of the payment obligation will not have their publication privileges suspended.

The Society has options available to authors who have insufficient resources. Prior to publication, preferably at time of paper acceptance, authors may apply for hardship relief (see policy below), and authors may request changes to their layout at galley-proof stage so as to reduce charges assessed.

Hardship relief

SEG levies page charges from authors to help offset production expenses. Yet the Society does not intend for these charges to prevent any author from publishing in the journal. SEG expects that all authors with the personal, research-grant, or institutional resources to pay voluntary and mandatory page and color charges will do so. Authors who have insufficient resources to pay mandatory charges should send a request for hardship relief from some or all charges to the Interpretation Editor and the SEG Managing Director, Publications and Membership simultaneously if they can answer yes or N/A (not applicable) to the following questions:

  1. Is at least one author an SEG member?
  2. If the paper is projected to be more than 10 pages in length, would shortening it to 10 or fewer pages unduly compromise the quality of the technical communication?
  3. Are all authors and their affiliated institutions exempt from inclusion on the U.S. Office of Foreign Asset Control's Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons list?

Per the Society’s interpretation of U.S. Department of Treasury Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) publishing guidance, please also note that hardship relief cannot be granted to authors residing in sanctioned countries. Please see SEG’s Policies and Procedures for more detail on permitted and prohibited activities relating to OFAC.

Those seeking hardship relief should request it at the time their paper is accepted for publication, providing specifics about the paper as it relates to the questions above and indicating the degree of ability to pay normal charges. Please send hardship relief requests to [email protected].

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Hybrid open access

Authors of papers accepted for publication in an SEG journal may elect to have their papers made freely accessible indefinitely in SEG's online archives by paying an open-access fee of US$2,500 and all mandatory charges. The open-access fee for papers submitted on or after 1 February 2020 is US$3,500 plus all mandatory charges. If an author paid US$1000 for open-access publication of an SEG Expanded Abstract, the open-access fee for the expansion of that paper published in Interpretation would be reduced by US$1000 and charged US$2,500 plus all mandatory charges.

Four license options are available to authors who choose open-access publication. Authors may choose from the Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license (CC BY-NC), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license (CC BY-SA), and Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives license (CC BY-NC-ND).

Read more about SEG's traditional and open-access publishing policies.

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Data and materials availability

As a society devoted to advancing an applied science, SEG recognizes that much of the data and code associated with research reported in its journals cannot be released publicly or otherwise shared. As throughout the Society’s history, papers from industry authors and academic researchers whose work is built on unsharable industry-owned data are invited, encouraged, and welcome. Yet to foster transparency, attract more article usage, and improve the reproducibility of published research, SEG requires that journal-paper authors indicate the availability of any data underlying their work. Before sharing of data, authors must ensure they have the permission to do so. During submission to ScholarOne Manuscripts, authors will be asked to select or otherwise provide a data-availability statement for publication in a Data and Materials Availability section of the accepted-manuscript and final versions of their papers.

  1. "Data associated with this research are available and can be accessed via the following URL: (open text field)"
    Note: A digital object identifier (DOI) linking to the data in a general or discipline-specific data repository is strongly preferred.
  2. "Data associated with this research are available and can be obtained by contacting the corresponding author."
  3. "Data associated with this research are confidential and cannot be released."
  4. Custom statement of data and materials availability: (open text field)

SEG is a signatory to the Coalition on Publishing Data in the Earth and Space Sciences (COPDESS) Statement of Commitment, which states: “Earth and space science data are special resources, critical for advancing science and addressing societal challenges—from assessing and responding to natural hazards and climate change, to use of energy and natural resources, to managing our oceans, air, and land.”

To help provide a full assessment of results presented in its journals, SEG encourages authors, when feasible, to make available data necessary to understand, evaluate, replicate, and build upon their reported research.

For the purposes of this policy, data include but are not limited to, the following:

  • Data used to generate or be displayed in figures, graphs, plots, videos, animations, or tables in a paper.
  • New protocols or methods used to generate the data in a paper.
  • New code/computer software used to generate results or analyses reported in the paper.
  • Derived data products reported or described in a paper.

The Society encourages use of appropriate domain repositories (primarily those for geoscience data) that aggregate published data and/or code and support Digital Object Identifier (DOI) registration and discoverable metadata as the preferred means of making available data and/or code associated with journal papers. SEG encourages authors whose data sets and/or code are not appropriate for a domain-specific repository to use a general repository such as Dryad or figshare. Less preferred but acceptable is deposit of data and/or code in an archived institutional Web site. Other types of files supporting papers (e.g., animations or videos) may be better suited for publication as supplements alongside the paper within the SEG Library and in GeoScienceWorld.

Data and software, if publicly available, should be cited fully, including an entry in References. Each data or software deposit should have a DOI link and comply with the aims of DataCite and FORCE11's Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles that reinforce consideration of data and code as citable products of research.

For an inventory of repositories, visit the COPDESS Directory of Repositories.

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Resources for writing

Write to inform. Before beginning to write, organize your material carefully. Include all the data necessary to support your conclusions.

Choose the active voice more often than the passive. The passive usually requires more words and sometimes obscures the meaning. Use the first person, not the third person; for single-author papers, the usage of I is preferred, but we will be accepted as well.

Prepare a first draft that includes all the data, arguments, and conclusions that you had planned to cover. Then edit your manuscript carefully. Ask yourself whether the reader will find the text clear and the figures thoroughly integrated with the text. Go through this process at least twice, preparing a new draft each time.

When you are satisfied, ask a colleague — preferably someone not well acquainted with the subject matter — to read your draft. Be prepared for criticism. If one reader does not understand parts of your text, others will have the same problem. Remember, you are thoroughly acquainted with your subject, but your reader is not.

How To Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, eighth edition (2016, Greenwood Press), by Barbara Gastel and Robert A. Day, is a useful guide for preparing and organizing a technical paper.

For details on style and usage, such as capitalization, punctuation, etc., refer to the University of Chicago Press' The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition.

The dictionaries you should use are Webster's Third New International Dictionary and Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition.

The Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition, by R. E. Sheriff, is SEG's standard for terms particular to geophysical technology. It also contains the preferred SI units and abbreviations for units. Revised versions of the fourth edition were published in 2006 and 2011.

SEG partners with Editage to provide SEG authors with a discount on presubmission manuscript-preparation services including English editing and formatting. Visit to receive a quote.

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Organization of a scientific paper

Download a Word template to help you format your manuscript for submission.

A scientific paper can be divided into sections: title, abstract, introduction, methods, results, suggestions for further study, conclusion, acknowledgments, data and materials availability, appendices, and references. There is some flexibility in the number of sections and the labeling of these components. The title and section labels should be chosen to convey the unity and cohesiveness of the presentation.

Title page

The title is a label, not a sentence. Choose as few words as possible for the title to reflect the thesis of the paper. The first word should be significant and helpful both for classifying and indexing the paper. Company names should not be included in the title. If the title is longer than 38 characters, you must provide (on the title page of the paper) a shortened form of 38 characters or fewer to appear as a running head above alternate pages of the published paper.

List the authors on the title page by full names whenever possible. Please be absolutely sure you have spelled your coauthors' names correctly. Be sure also to use the form of the names that your coauthors prefer. Include only those who take intellectual responsibility for the work being reported, and exclude those who have been involved only peripherally. The author list should not be used in lieu of an acknowledgments section.

On the title page, also include the authors' affiliations, including e-mail addresses, and the dates of submission of the original paper and of the revised paper.


Every manuscript other than a discussion must be accompanied by an abstract of no more than one short paragraph (200 to 300 words). The abstract should be self-contained. No references, figures, tables, or equations are allowed in an abstract. Use only terminology that has been defined or is well known from prior publications. The abstract must not simply list the topics covered in the paper but should:

  1. state the scope and principal objectives of the work;
  2. describe the methods used;
  3. summarize the results; and
  4. state the principal conclusions.

Do not refer to the paper itself in the abstract. For example, do not say, "In this paper, we will discuss…"

The abstract must stand alone as a very short version of the paper rather than as a description of the contents. Remember that the abstract will be the most widely read portion of the paper. Various groups throughout the world publish abstracts of Interpretation papers. Readers and occasionally even reviewers may be influenced by the abstract to the point of final judgment before the body of the paper is read.


The purpose of the introduction is to tell readers why they should want to read what follows the introduction. This section should provide sufficient background information to allow readers to understand the context and significance of the problem. This does not mean, however, that authors should use the introduction to rederive established results or to indulge in other needless repetition. The introduction should:

  1. present the nature and scope of the work;
  2. review the pertinent literature and establish the terminologies and notations;
  3. state the objectives; and
  4. provide a brief overview of the methodology and results to highlight the contribution.

For additional guidelines, see J. F. Claerbout, 1991, "A scrutiny of the introduction," The Leading Edge, 10, 39-41.


The methodology employed in the work should be described in sufficient detail so that the intended readers could duplicate the results. The major steps should be described in the main body of the presentation and should convey main principles and insights. Lower level details (e.g., heavy mathematics) often are best placed in appendices to avoid cluttering the flow of the main ideas.


Selective presentation of results is important. Redundancy should be avoided, and results of minor variations on the principal experiment should be summarized rather than included. Details appearing in figure captions and table heads should not be restated in the text.

Suggestions for further study

During the course of the work, the authors may have developed many insights and ideas for further study. Both the authors and reviewers may also have recognized some weaknesses in the paper. A paper is strengthened if its technical flaws are identified by the authors instead of the readers. In this section, if not elsewhere already, new ideas for expanding the work can be put forward, technical weaknesses of the work can be enumerated, and remedies of such weaknesses can be proposed. This might be an important section for geosciences students who have less frequent exposure to real data or problems.


The conclusion section should include:

  1. principles, relationships, and generalizations inferred from the results (but not a restatement or summary of the results);
  2. any exceptions to or problems with those principles, relationships, and generalizations, as indicated by the results;
  3. agreements or disagreements with previously published work; and
  4. implications and significance of the work.

The conclusion should not include figures, tables, equations, or reference citations.

Figures and tables

Each figure and table must be called out (mentioned) sequentially in the text of the paper. Each figure must have a caption, and each table must have a heading. Captions, headings, and annotations should be concise and sufficient for the reader to understand the significance of the illustration or table without reference to the text.

Each illustration and table should be indexed sequentially by an Arabic number in the order of its first citation in the text. In the caption and text, spell out the word Figure and capitalize it when a number follows it. In table headings and text, spell out the word Table and capitalize it when a number follows it.


Footnotes should be avoided if possible. All footnotes introduced in the text of a paper should be numbered consecutively from beginning of the manuscript, including the footnotes for the author affiliations. In the manuscript, each footnote must be inserted at the bottom of the page where the notes appear.


If the author includes an acknowledgments section, it is placed after the conclusion and before the appendices (if any) and reference list.


An appendix should not be cited in the text in such a way that the appendix is essential to a reader's understanding of the flow of the main text. See section 1.59 in The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, for further explanation of the content of an appendix. Each appendix should be called out (mentioned) sequentially in the text of the paper by name, i.e., "Appendix A."

Each appendix should have a label such as "Appendix A" on the first line and a subtitle such as "Mathematical Considerations" on the second line. In each appendix, number equations and figures beginning with 1: A-1, B-1, etc.

Appendices are placed after acknowledgments and before the reference list.

Reference list

The reference list is placed last in a manuscript, after the acknowledgments and appendices (if any). See the References section under Manuscript Preparation below for details on reference style.

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How to submit a manuscript

Papers submitted to Interpretation should meet the requirements detailed in this guide. If certain requirements are not met, a paper may be prevented from being accepted for review. Papers most likely to be delayed include those with a high degree of similarity to previously published work and those written in poor English. In such cases, the paper will not be reviewed until the necessary basic requirements are satisfied. To facilitate processing and review, authors are urged to read and follow the procedures described below.

Checklist to avoid processing and review delays
  • Have I followed the requirements for not numbering sections and headings?
  • Does my abstract summarize outcomes and not contain references to the paper or other documents?
  • Have I removed references from the conclusions section?
  • Have I included all authors in the submission system and in the paper’s byline?
  • Is my document one column wide?
  • Have I submitted a clean version of the document with all tracked edits accepted?
  • Have I included references and followed the style instructions for the reference list?
  • Have I clearly labeled sections of the paper with headings, such as “Abstract, Introduction, Methods.”
  • Have I labeled figures as “Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.”?
  • Are my figures clear with self-explaining captions?
  • Have I properly numbered equations and followed style guidelines for vectors, matrices, and tensors?
  • Have I included a running head?
Electronic submission of manuscripts

Manuscripts should be submitted online at

Interpretation uses the ScholarOne Manuscripts system for online submission, peer review, and tracking. During the review process, authors use the online system to check paper status, communicate with editors, and submit revisions. To check the status of a submitted manuscript, authors should check the "Author Center" at If necessary, authors may e-mail [email protected] to contact members of the Publications Department of the SEG Business Office.

Prepare the manuscript by following these instructions carefully, and save the text of the manuscript in one PDF, PostScript, or Microsoft Word file. Figures may be submitted as TIFF, EPS, PNG, or Word files. (Figures submitted in Word, however, are allowed for reviewing purposes only. If the paper is accepted for publication, TIFF, EPS, or PNG files at a resolution of at least 300 dpi will be required for production.)

Log on at On the right side of the screen, click "User Tutorials" to obtain the "Author's Quickstart Guide," tips for uploading files in ScholarOne Manuscripts, and other online help for uploading to the system.

When you are ready to upload your manuscript files, enter your "Author Center." Click on "Click here to submit a new manuscript," enter the data required, and follow the steps for submitting a manuscript. Be sure to click "Submit" when you finish uploading the files and have previewed the PDF file. When you have completed the uploading process successfully, you will see a confirmation screen that includes the manuscript ID number assigned to your submission. You also will receive an e-mail confirmation within a day, to be saved for future reference.

If you need additional help, click the "Get help now" button in the upper right corner. This link brings up a new window that contains instructions, answers to frequently asked questions, and a method to send a question to the ScholarOne Manuscripts support team. If necessary, e-mail [email protected] to contact a member of the SEG staff, but first you should contact the ScholarOne Manuscripts support team for assistance.

Authors are requested not to address the editor-in-chief or associate editors directly unless the communication is of a personal or technical nature or is an appeal. Routine communications are handled more efficiently electronically through the peer-review system or the SEG Business Office.

Papers will be posted online within a few days of final acceptance prior to editing and composition. Authors will receive a proof from the production vendor and may request subsequent proofs. Please note that additional proofing rounds cause delays in publication of the final version. After a paper has been edited, composed, and proofread, the final version of record will be published online in advance of print publication.

NOTE: Please bear in mind that the online version of your paper is not another version of the author proof or an opportunity for the author to revise the paper. The online PDF version is the version of record. It is an exact representation of the version that was approved for publication in print. Changes in the online or printed version should be limited to factual or typographical errors serious enough to warrant publication of an erratum. Changes in the online version can result in the paper being withdrawn temporarily from the online site.

Acceptable forms of the manuscript

Manuscripts reviewed online are circulated as PDF documents, although the original files also can be viewed by referees. Authors should submit the manuscript text as a single document in PDF, PostScript, or Microsoft Word. Figures may be submitted as TIFF, EPS, PNG, or Word files. (Figures submitted in Word are allowed for reviewing purposes only. If the paper is accepted for publication, TIFF, PNG, or EPS files at a resolution of at least 300 dpi will be required for production.) The online-submission software automatically combines the Word document with the figure files to create a single PDF file. Creating high-quality PostScript and PDF files from LaTeX files can be problematic. Suggestions written for GEOPHYSICS papers also are applicable to Interpretation papers and can be found on the here.

Once a paper is approved for publication, the author is required to upload the final document (and the completed publication forms) through the Author Center. The publication forms are located here. Please complete the forms, scan them, and upload them to the system. If necessary, you may fax the forms to 1-918-497-5558. The paper is not considered accepted until the final documents are uploaded in the online system and the files and forms are checked by journal staff.

Accepted manuscripts are located under "Manuscripts accepted for First Look" in the "Author Center." The authors will click the "Submit updated manuscript" link to update data as needed and upload final documents. When submitting final documents, please check the following:

  • Are author names and affiliations on the title page of the paper correct and listed exactly as they should be published?
  • Do figures meet resolution requirements of at least 300 dpi?
  • Are figure files named with the correct figure numbers (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.)?
  • Have you submitted all figures in the color space in which you expect them to be published? For color figures, RGB (red-green-blue) is accepted, but CMYK (cyan-magenta-yellow-black) is preferred. The production vendor will convert RGB to CMYK, but authors should be careful when referring to colors in the text because shifts can occur during conversion. For grayscale figures, upload grayscale files.
  • Is the manuscript void of linking or highlighting as required?
  • If you are uploading TIFF files, have you enabled LZW compression while saving?
  • Did you click on each figure file's "EDIT" button (blue button to the right of each figure file) and type in the figure number in the "legends/captions" text box?

Preferred formats for production are Microsoft Word and LaTeX, in that order. The preferred math program for Word papers is MathType 5.1 or greater.If you do submit a paper in LaTeX, please use the updated SEG/TeX macro. If using BibTeX to create references, authors must run BibTeX before submitting the .tex file and read in or paste the resulting contents of the generated .bbl file within the bibliography section of the .tex file. All LaTeX manuscripts must include the .tex file and a PDF generated by that file. For LaTeX papers, note that uploaded figures must be the complete, final figures including any annotation added within LaTeX or another application.

When submitting your final files, please identify software used.

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Submission, review, and online publication of essential multimedia files

Interpretation authors may submit movie, sound, and other types of ancillary files for publication along with the manuscripts they are intended to augment. These files should be uploaded to the online peer-review system along with the manuscript. A note accompanying the submission should indicate that an ancillary file has been submitted for review with the intention that it be published online with the paper. If the manuscript and the ancillary file are accepted for publication, the file will be published online in conjunction with the paper.

Essential multimedia

Essential multimedia files are peer-reviewed and are considered to be necessary to an article to support the science presented in the article. In addition, it is believed that a complete understanding of the article is not possible without viewing or hearing the multimedia file. Because of this, essential multimedia files must be archived with the article and are therefore subject to a set of policies and procedures designed to ensure the archival integrity of these files.

When preparing multimedia files as essential multimedia, authors need to understand that for proper archiving, limitations must be placed on the types of files that can be submitted with the manuscript. Acceptable essential multimedia files can be QuickTime Nonstreaming, MPEG, or DV files. AVI files are not acceptable at this time as essential archival multimedia files. Detailed information is provided below.

Video submissions

Interpretation accepts video submitted only as digital files. Acceptable file formats include QuickTime Nonstreaming (.qt or .mov), MPEG (.mpg), and DV (.dv). The preferred formats are .mov and .mpg. Details about each of these file formats are outlined below.

Video files should be named [].

In addition, a representative "still" image taken from the video is required for use as a placeholder for the video file in PDFs and print. This still image is not intended to convey meaning about the content of the video; rather, it will be used as a static representation of the video file. Care should be taken to extract an image from the video which has reasonable clarity of fine lines and details. Acceptable file formats for still images are EPS (.eps), and TIFF (.tif). Still images should be named [].

Important note about AVI (.avi) video files: Multimedia files typically are created and encoded in a compressed format. Many of the compression algorithms used to create AVI files are proprietary and result in files that do not pass archival policies and procedures of SEG's online publications host. At present, AVI video files are not considered acceptable for essential multimedia because they do not pass the platform's archival tests. Most applications offer the option of saving multimedia in a variety of formats. When saving a video file, authors should use the "Save as…" option and select .qt, .mpg, .mov, or .dv as the file type.

Audio submissions

Interpretation accepts video submitted only as digital files. Acceptable file formats include QuickTime Nonstreaming (.qt or .mov), MPEG (.mpg), and DV (.dv). The preferred formats are .mov and .mpg. Details about each of these file formats are outlined below.

General guidelines for all multimedia submissions

At this time, the online journal platform on which Interpretation is published has not specified a maximum file size for submission; however, authors are strongly encouraged to adhere to the following guidelines when they prepare their files:

  • The acceptable file formats outlined above are playable using standard media players such as QuickTime and Windows Media Player. Media players should be used to check file properties and image/sound quality prior to submission. Fonts, lines, and image details in video submission should be of sufficient size and weight to be visible when played at half size.
  • Attention should be paid to the file size to make download time reasonable because streaming formats are not acceptable for submission at this time. A recommended target size for each multimedia file is 3–5 MB.
  • Authors are encouraged to use one of the accepted compression codecs to minimize file sizes.
  • Animations must be formatted into a standard video file.

When you submit your media file, you will be asked for some information about it. You will be required to submit a caption or description of the content of the media file. This is similar to a typical figure caption. You are invited to submit optional metadata, as outlined in the table below. Please submit a table with this information along with each submitted media file.

Metadata elements
Name Description
Caption/description Textual caption/description of the content of media object. Required
Type The nature or genre of the content of the media, such as video or audio. Optional
Format This should describe the media file type, such as Quicktime, DV, MPEG, PCM, or WAV. Optional
Duration This is the duration of the media-object playing time, in the unit of seconds. It is applicable to video or audio media. Optional
Frame size For video only (not still images), the size of the video image, as height x width in pixels. Optional
Producer Information about the software used to create the media object. It should include the name and version of the software (e.g., Adobe Premiere Elements v. 2.0). Optional

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Manuscript preparation

Spacing and paragraphs

Manuscripts must be double-spaced in 12-point type. Double-space all parts of the manuscript, including the abstract, footnotes, quoted material, references, and figure captions. Each paragraph must be indented.

Page numbers

Page numbers must appear on all pages of text, including references, figure captions, and tables.

Page length, line width, and margins

Each page should have no more than 30 lines of type, with no line exceeding six (6) inches in length. Ample margins should be left at the top, bottom, and sides.

Meeting citations

If your technical paper was presented at a technical meeting, please note that on the title page. The presentation will be cited on the title page in the journal with the number of the meeting, organization, and date.


It is necessary for you to distinguish the categories of headings in your manuscript so your intentions will be clear to the editors and typesetters. Please follow the guidelines below.

  • Place principal headings (Category 1 heads) at the center of the page in capital letters.

  • Place Category 2 heads at the left margin (without indentation) in boldface type, with only the first word of the heading and proper nouns capitalized. Start the text that follows on the next line and indent it.

  • Place Category 3 heads at the left margin (without indentation) in italics, with only the first word of the heading and proper nouns capitalized. Start the text that follows on the next line and indent it.

  • If headings of still lower rank are necessary, indent, use boldface type, place a period and dash after the heading, and follow with text on the same line.

  • Do not number sections of the text. Refer to sections by name or content, e.g., "Discussion on deconvolution."
Figures and tables

In the manuscript, figures should not be embedded in the text but should be collected at the end of the manuscript, with each figure on a separate page, i.e., in a separate digital file (see the section Preparation of Illustrations). Figure captions should be listed at the end of the manuscript on a separate page before the first figure page.

Tables, including their headings, should not be included within the text but should follow the manuscript, with each table in a separate digital file. Other types of lists may be run within the text.

Examples of style for terms

air gun*
audio frequency*
back projection*
band limited*
CDP (common depth point)

CMP (common midpoint)
CRP (common reflection point)
cross section*
data set

finite difference*
f-k filter
free space*
high resolution*
least squares*

plane wave*
Q filter
rms (root mean square)

S/N (signal-to-noise ratio; do not add the word "ratio" to S/N when the abbreviation is used)
time slice*

wave stack
wave test
wide band*

* Hyphenate as an adjective; e.g., finite-difference method.

Examples of style in text
  • Use American English spelling, e.g., modeling, color, analyze, behavior, etc.
  • Each sentence must begin with a capital letter. Lowercase Greek letters, mathematical symbols, or numerals may not be used to begin a sentence.
  • Use a semicolon before the adverbial conjunctions however, thus, hence, therefore, etc., in compound sentences.
  • Use a semicolon between independent clauses not joined by a conjunction.
  • Do not use a colon when an equation or list comes immediately after a verb or preposition.
  • Operator symbols serve as verbs.
  • Equations are punctuated as sentences and should be numbered.
  • The abbreviations et al., i.e., and e.g. are set off with commas, except when et al. is used in a text reference. In that case only, the preceding comma is omitted.
  • Extensive use of italics in text is discouraged; use them only for the most necessary emphasis.
  • Do not use italics for foreign and Latin words that have become common in English usage, e.g., a priori, et al. Check Webster's Third New International Dictionary or Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition, to determine if the term is in common English usage.
  • Use quotation marks to refer to a special term only the first time the term appears.
  • Hyphens are not generally used in words formed with prefixes; e.g., antisymmetric, multidip, nonlinear, semimajor, subbottom, prestack, poststack, pseudosection, etc. Check Webster's Third New International Dictionary or Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition.
  • Hyphens are not used between adverbs ending in ly and the words they modify, e.g., horizontally layered.
  • Do not use newly invented acronyms or trade names to describe your technique. Widely used trade names that appear in the The Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition (e.g., microlog), are acceptable.
  • Use symbols for percent (%) and degree (°) in the text as well as in mathematical expressions, tables, or figures.
  • Spell out points of the compass, e.g., east-west, north-northwest.
  • In a series of three or more items, a comma (or a semicolon, where appropriate) follows each item, including the one that precedes and.
Examples of style for units

Physical quantities should be expressed in SI units. When field measurements were obtained or equipment was specified with different units, the value of non-SI units can be specified in parentheses following the SI units, e.g., 2200 m/s (7200 ft/s).

All of the following conform to SI metric standards:

s for second
Om or ohm-m for ohm-meter
S/m for siemens/meter
Hz as unit, hertz as word
A as unit, ampere as word
F as unit, farad as word
H as unit, henry as word
V as unit, volt as word
J as unit, joule as word
N as unit, newton as word

W as unit, watt as word
Pa as unit, pascal as word
m/s for meter per second (not ms-1)
1000 (no comma)
times sign (x) instead of dot for multiplication
space between number and unit (10 m, not 10m)
mGal (not mgal) for abbreviation, milligal for word

ms for millisecond GHz for gigahertz
MHz for megahertz
kHz for kilohertz
cm for centimeter
mm for millimeter
µm for micrometer
µs for microsecond
nm for nanometer
pm for picometer

The exceptions to SI units listed below are acceptable if SI units follow them in parentheses:

bar as pressure unit
darcy as permeability unit

gamma as magnetic-field intensity unit

Mathematical material

One of the most complicated and expensive operations in publishing Interpretation is typesetting mathematical formulas. Because Interpretation is now tagged in XML to facilitate online delivery, some rerendering of equations may occur. However, every effort is made to ensure that all mathematical symbols and terms appear in the galley proof just as the author created them (see the section Acceptable forms of the manuscript for instructions on submitting manuscripts in LaTeX). You can help reduce these costs by writing equations in their simplest forms. Often, a complicated expression can be simplified if various terms are assigned symbols that are defined individually.

Using symbols that are usual and customary in the authors' field of study for mathematical expressions helps minimize the chance of confusion. For example, the lower case letters t, ?, x, y, and z are often used for time, angular frequency, and the Cartesian spatial coordinates. Regardless of its conventional usage, every symbol should be defined when it is used the first time to avoid the possibility of a misunderstanding. Symbols like x and t familiar to the authors might stand for very different variables to different readers, variables such as space-time coordinates, unknowns to be solved, or parameters along a curve.

Equations that cannot be placed on one line must be broken only at the operator symbols. The sign should be placed at the start of the second line. See The Chicago Manual of Style on how to compose equations and how to punctuate equations in embedding sentences. Terms in equations are grouped with the following symbols: parentheses ( ), brackets [ ], and braces {}. For example, x = {2r + [(k + 1)(k + 2)]2}1/2.

The typesetter is instructed to set all mathematical symbols and all isolated letters in the text in italic type if there are no markings to the contrary. Use italics for all symbols for scalar quantities, including those represented by Greek letters. Please note that vectors are set in boldface lowercase roman (regular) letters, whereas matrices and tensors are set in boldface capital roman letters. Uppercase boldface letters also may be used for vectors, and lowercase boldface letters may be used for tensors, if such use is customary. Different fonts may be used to further distinguish scalars, vectors, tensors, and matrices.

Here are some ways you can facilitate the processing of your article:

  1. Set all letters (including Greek) representing scalar quantities in italics.
    • Do not use italics for such items as sin, cos, max, min, etc.
    • Do not use italics for letters representing units of measurement: ms, ft, etc.
  2. Set all vector quantities in bold lowercase except as otherwise noted, as in the case of electromagnetic fields.

All displayed equations should be numbered sequentially throughout the manuscript. When referring to an equation in text, please identify it with a phrase that could serve to identify the type of equations throughout the text, as shown in the following example:

  • Without phrase: "inserting equations 5 and 6 into equation 9 ..."
  • With phrase: "inserting the form, equation 5, of the electric field E and the Lindhard form, equation 6, of the dielectric function e into the constitutive equation 9 ..."

Equation numbers in the text should not be shown in parentheses, e.g., "As shown in equation 10." (However, the equation number at the right margin of the column should be enclosed in parentheses.) A mention of the equation number in the text must be accompanied by equation, expression, or another synonym to identify the number itself. Equations in an appendix should be numbered with the prefix of the appendix, e.g., "equation A-1." Equations should be punctuated as sentences or parts of sentences. Please consult The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, sections 12.18–12.20, for correct punctuation of equations.


Authors are requested to be meticulous in following instructions for references, which typically require more editing than any other section of the manuscript. In addition, accuracy and proper form are essential so that references in online Interpretation papers will link to the sources cited. Authors who do not follow guidelines for references can expect a delay in publication because the article may be returned for revision to proper style.

Interpretation uses the same reference style as GEOPHYSICS, SEG's flagship journal.

Citation of previous work acknowledges the importance of those investigations and makes available to the reader much more background information than is practical to include in a single paper. However, to be of real value, all references must be readily accessible to the reader. If internal reports with wide circulation constitute an important reference, cite them in the text but not in the reference list, e.g., (G. M. Levy, 1984, Geonics Ltd. Tech., note TN-16). Similarly, citations of personal communications, including papers submitted to a journal but not yet published, may be placed in the text but not in the reference list. Cite personal communications with name and year, e.g. (Jay Smith, personal communication, 2011).

In the text, literature citations should show the author's name followed by the year of publication in parentheses, e.g., Nettleton (1940). If the author's name is not referred to in the text, it and the year should be inserted in parentheses at the point where the reference applies: (Nettleton, 1940).

If there is more than one reference to the same author at a given point in the text, list the years in chronological order with a comma and space between. When more than one author is referenced at a given point in the text, separate the references by a semicolon and a space. If a specific page is referenced, include the page number within the parentheses, after the year (Nettleton, 1940, p. 142).

References should be grouped alphabetically under the heading "References" at the end of the article, after the acknowledgments and appendices (if any). References should be alphabetized according to sections 15.10–15.20 and 16.56–16.93 in The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, i.e., a single-author work precedes a multiauthor work beginning with the same author's name. For a given author referenced more than once for the same year, use the suffixes a, b, etc., after the year of publication to distinguish references. References with identical authorship should be listed in chronological order.

Material in preparation, submitted, or not yet accepted and scheduled for publication should not be included in the references. Material accepted for publication may be cited as a reference if its publication date has been established, but it will be necessary to double-check the status of the material before your article is published. If the material has not yet been published, it should be cited only as a personal communication.

References not cited in the text should not be included in the reference list. Under such circumstances, those references should be grouped separately under the heading "References for General Reading."

In the reference list, the form and punctuation shown in the examples below will be observed. Please note that (1) SEG does not abbreviate titles of journals and names of institutions and publishers and (2) initials of secondary authors' names precede surnames.

References to electronic material should include:

  1. the standard information,
  2. the format (e-book, CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, etc.),
  3. the digital object identifier (DOI) if the material is registered with CrossRef, and
  4. the access date if no DOI is available.

For types of references not included below, follow the guidelines for author-date citations in The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition.

Capitalize only the first word of the title and proper nouns. Do not use quotation marks unless they are actually part of the title. Do not underline or use italics. Show the volume numbers in bold, omit the issue number, and show beginning and ending page numbers or article numbers if the journal does not use page numbers. For references to GEOPHYSICS papers since the beginning of 2005, however, include the issue number after the volume number because of the use of alphanumeric page numbers.

Follow the instructions for papers from journals. If each issue of the magazine begins with page 1, include the issue number after the volume number, e.g., no. 3.

Follow the instructions for papers from journals. Reference the full name of the publisher. Do not reference the city of publication or the number of pages in the book.

Reference to a thesis or dissertation requires neither the name of the department nor the number of pages.

Do not include city.

References to proceedings of many conferences are appropriate only if these proceedings are generally available to the reader. Authors are requested to avoid such references to material of limited availability. The SEG Expanded Abstracts do qualify as references because of their general accessibility.

After name, indicate the year the patent was granted.

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Preparation of illustrations

All illustrations must be submitted in electronic format. Illustrations submitted after the paper is accepted must meet the specifications listed below. Papers may be delayed or rejected if these illustration guidelines are not followed. See links for examples of figures that need corrections and how they appear after corrections.

See examplars of illustrations here. For additional information on best practice in figure creation, see:


Is each illustration designed for Interpretation column sizes? (Standard sizes are 20 picas, or 3.33 inches, for one-column figures and 26 picas, or 4.33 inches, for one-and-one-third-column figures at required resolution.)

  • Are all graph labels in the same eight-point sans serif font such as Arial or Helvetica?
  • Is the first letter of graph labels capitalized?
  • Are the abscissa and ordinate of each graph labeled and are units denoted in parentheses?
  • Is there a title heading for each graph?
  • Is an en dash used instead of a hyphen to denote subtraction and negative numbers?
  • Are the graph's style, font, and format consistent with those in other figures, especially similar figures?
  • Is lettering within figures legible and not too large or too small?
  • Do labels on vertical axes read from bottom to top when the page is held vertically (from left to right when you rotate the page clockwise 90°) and are they centered vertically?
  • Are scalars italicized consistently in text, figures, and figure captions?

Use standard abbreviations in labeling scales.


Are all illustrations submitted in EPS, TIFF, or PNG format with color and grayscale images at a resolution of at least 300 dots per inch (dpi) and line art of at least 600 dpi (1200 dpi is preferred)?

Low-resolution figure example
Click to view actual size or download
High-resolution figure example
Click to view actual size or download

General preparation tips
  • Is the figure number included in the margin of each figure for identification?
  • Is the correct orientation of the printed figure indicated? Use an upward-pointing arrow to show orientation.
  • Is each figure submitted in a separate digital file, named according to the figure number? A figure can be labeled when uploading a figure file to ScholarOne Manuscripts in the caption/legend area.
  • Are TIFF files saved with LZW compression enabled?
  • Do not embed figures in documents. Do not submit figures in Microsoft Word or PowerPoint. Black-and-white and color bars that accompany image and contour plots should be labeled with units denoted in parentheses.
Permission to reprint figures and tables

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to use figures and tables previously published in other books or journals and for certifying that they have obtained all necessary permissions when executing copyright transfer forms. Letters from the copyright holders granting permission should accompany the accepted final version of the manuscript. It is also the responsibility of the author to check reproduced materials against the originals for accuracy.

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Review and editing procedures

A submitted manuscript, including any associated code or essential multimedia, is legally the property of the author until the copyright assignment to SEG is executed and received by the Society. Copyright assignment does not occur until shortly before the paper is accepted for publication. Until then, reviewers and other members of the editorial staff cannot legally use the paper for any purpose other than the review process. It may not be shown, copied for personal use, or commercialized in any way. In the interest of personal protection for Associate Editors and SEG, these guidelines should be followed. SEG is not aware of any instances in which papers under review have been misused.

Peer review procedures and turnaround schedules

Interpretation strives to make the review process rigorous, constructive, transparent, and efficient.

Here are the peer review procedures and turnaround guidelines for reviewers, associate editors, and authors. The authors can track the review status of their paper online.

The deadlines for authors, editors, and reviewers are actively enforced. When editors and reviewers miss deadlines routinely, they harm the geophysics community. The opportunities of service could have been better used by other volunteers. A manuscript delayed in the review system requires extra processing and reflects poorly on the journal's efficiency and desirability for future authors. Everyone involved in the process has expended efforts on a manuscript in the review process. The author thus has no more justification to delay the manuscript under review than editors and reviewers.

Online peer review

Associate Editors invite reviewers via e-mail through the online peer review system.

Manuscripts are distributed in PDF format through the system, although original files are also available to reviewers. Reviewers download the manuscript for review. In the online review form, there is a space for comments directed to the author(s). This is a required field. These comments are also available to the Associate Editor. There is also a space for confidential comments to the editors, if needed. In addition, reviewers can upload separate documents to be viewed by the author(s) and editors.

If a reviewer's comments include equations or figures, they must be uploaded as a separate document because the online review form cannot accommodate complex equations or figures.

Reviewers can create a PDF file bearing their annotations and upload it as a separate document. If the author's paper was submitted in Word, reviewers can annotate it in Word and upload the annotated file. Alternatively, reviewers can use Adobe Acrobat editing tools for annotating an electronic copy of the manuscript and then upload that. Reviewers may choose to annotate a hard copy of the manuscript, scan it to a PDF, and then upload the PDF. If they lack the resources to scan a paper to PDF, they may annotate a hard copy of the manuscript and mail it to Interpretation at the SEG Business Office. These annotated hard copies will be scanned and uploaded as separate documents to be viewed by Associate Editors and authors. Reviewers should use black ink and should write legibly when making annotations by hand.

Reviewer's responsibilities

A reviewer has the following equally important responsibilities:

  • To evaluate the work's importance and relevance to geophysics. If the work is fundamental research, has the author clearly demonstrated why others in our community should find the results interesting? If the work is applied research or a case study, would readers learn anything from it? Case histories do not need to include new technology, but they should emphasize the impact the geophysical work had on a play, area, commodity, or technique. The impact determines the degree of reader interest and should weigh heavily in a reviewer's evaluation.

  • To critique scientific quality. Are the author's conclusions supported by the evidence presented? Were sound geophysical principles employed? Is previously published information presented as new material? Are there any flaws in the author's reasoning or mathematics? Was the experiment done carefully and with proper controls? Are all assumptions clearly stated?

  • To ensure that the material is communicated effectively and efficiently. Is the paper free of ambiguity? Are new concepts explained in sufficient detail? Are redundancies present? Does every part of the paper contribute to its theme? Are figures self-explanatory and well labeled? Are there large gaps in reasoning and mathematical developments? Are appendices needed? A reviewer is not expected to rewrite a paper that is poorly written and structured; that is the job of the author, with help from the editors. The reviewer should try to identify problem areas, especially those that are difficult to understand and in which the technical information is not communicated clearly. Comments such as "This paragraph is confusing," "This section seems out of place," or "Awkward style" are often appropriate. Whenever possible, reviewers should be specific in identifying what is confusing or questionable.

  • To provide constructive feedback to authors. Criticism offered objectively can result in effective revisions and consequently a worthwhile paper. Conversely, blunt and brutal statements may insult and discourage an author and result in the loss of a useful contribution. A paper should not be rejected solely because the reviewer does not agree with an author's conclusions, comments, or interpretation. Instead, the reviewer should list objections and ask the author to address them in the revision. The reviewer should refrain from derogatory comments and should make constructive suggestions to improve the paper.

Accepted manuscripts are edited by an associate editor, the editor-in-chief, and the copy editor. It is the common goal of these people to improve the effectiveness of communication between the author's work and the reader. It is never the intention to change the technical nature of the author's paper. The editing is intended to remove ambiguities in wording and generally to improve the clarity of meaning.

Galley proofs (the formatted paper as it will look in Interpretation are e-mailed in PDF format to the author, and the SEG publication staff for review. Authors are advised to read proofs carefully because that is their last opportunity to make changes. However, at that stage, changes should be kept to a minimum. Costs associated with any rewriting of the paper by the author will be billed to the author.


Authors of discussion papers are asked to be brief and constructive. Discussions of a paper published in Interpretation are screened by the editor-in-chief and then sent to the author of that paper for a reply. To avoid delaying publication, the author is requested not to include any subjects in his reply that are not addressed in the discussion. The authors of the paper being discussed have the right of the last word because no response is allowed to the reply. The discussion and the reply will be published together in the same issue of Interpretation. If no reply is received, the discussion will be published without one. Both the discussion and the reply will be edited to comply with the standards of Interpretation. Galley proofs are sent to the authors of the discussion and reply.

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Contributing to the Pitfalls section

The purpose of the Pitfalls section is to advance the awareness of users of geophysical technology in the practice and art of interpretation by understanding failed cases of technology application.

The method of presenting a pitfall is to illustrate how a geophysical technology can be inadvertently misused, resulting in convincing but false answers.

The organization of the paper is intended to follow the common standards of the journal including abstract, conclusion, and references but with the following special adaptations:

  1. Title: To recognize the paper as one of the Pitfalls series, the title should begin with "Pitfall," note the technology used, and the intended use for interpretation (e.g., Pitfall in the use of AVO for Stratigraphic Identification).

  2. Introduction: The introduction should motivate the reader about why this pitfall is important.

  3. Methodology: This should include a basic description of the technology and how it is supposed to work when done correctly. It should also include known and stated geophysical assumptions and limitations of key steps in the workflow.

  4. Results: This is the description of how and why the application of the technology did not work correctly. This could be due to invalid assumptions, inappropriate methodology, a gap in critical data, or an incomplete understanding of key geophysical principles. The pitfall should be illustrated by specific example(s). This should be the central element of the paper.

  5. Suggestions for further study: In this section, the author is also free to advise how to avoid the pitfall or how to mitigate the chances that it can occur.

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Contributing to the Tools, Techniques, and Tutorials section

The purpose of the Tools, Techniques, and Tutorials section is to showcase innovative geophysical technology and workflows that are of significant interest to the interpretation community.

Presentations of a tool or technique will clearly define the underlying assumptions, make comparisons to conventional interpretation workflows, and clearly illustrate the interpretation benefit. For commercial reasons, the authors as users may not know, or may not be permitted to provide, sufficient implementation detail to allow a reader to exactly duplicate the results without using the tool. However, the authors must not have any conflict of interest in relation to the publication of the tool or technique and the geophysical principles of the tool must be either well known or fully described.

In contrast, tutorials will illustrate best practices in using new or alternatively poorly understood interpretation technology and workflows, as well as innovative data integration workflows that can be closely emulated by the reader. A tutorial can include summary/synthesis of a topic that is relevant/timely for interpreters.

The organization of the paper is intended to follow the common standards of the journal including abstract, conclusion, and references but with the following special adaptations:

  1. Title: In order to recognize the paper as one of the Tools, Techniques, and Tutorial series, the title should have the word "Tool," "Technique," or "Tutorial" prominently in the title, note the technology used, and the intended use for interpretation (e.g., "Passive seismic monitoring — A new tool for mapping faults")

  2. Introduction: The introduction should motivate the reader about why this tool or technique is important, while in the case of a tutorial, how the technology is poorly understood or underutilized.

  3. Methodology: This section should include a basic description of the technology and how it is supposed to work when done correctly. It should also include known and stated geophysical assumptions and limitations of key steps in the workflow. The authors should avoid using copyrighted or patented names whenever possible. If they do, they should provide a generic word whenever possible. (e.g., "We demonstrate how our new ant-tracking algorithm, a Schmidt diagram controlled skeletonization algorithm, provides lineaments that strongly correlate to open fractures seen on horizontal image logs…”).

  4. Results: This is the description of why the application of the technology provides improved results over conventional workflows through examples.

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Contributing to the Funny Looking Things (FLT) in Seismic Data section

This standing section of Interpretation is intended to capture some of the less-well-recognized geologic features as they appear on seismic data, and follow on to the FLT Special Section in the November 2020 issue of Interpretation.

Read additional information about this section here.

The format of the papers for this section is quite different than the traditional solicited full-length papers. Rather, submissions are welcome for a short paper of an FLT, providing 3–4 images, one of which can be an analogue or cartoon, some text describing the feature—including alternative interpretations and potential pitfalls, and a few key references. This may include novel studies or previously published examples of FLTs, the aim being to generate a varied online searchable database of seismic geometries and possible interpretations.

With this goal we invite interpreters to contribute what they consider to be “interesting features.” While FLTs have previously been limited to seismic data, we have expanded to include other datasets with interesting features. FLT examples may include:

  • Features such as pock marks, gauge marks, and hydrate expulsions commonly seen in the shallow seismic section that also may be preserved in the deeper section,
  • Igneous features that may be easily confused with stratigraphic features of interest,
  • Well documented faulting and folding patterns not commonly recognized in seismic data,
  • Amplitude or impedance anomalies that may be confused with hydrocarbon accumulations,
  • Interesting features and observations made in non-seismic datasets (GPR, well-logs, EM, etc),
  • Seismic noise patterns that may be misinterpreted as stratigraphy or structure,
  • and other contributions that contributors believe to be common overlooked, and easily misidentified.

Interested authors should submit their full papers for via the normal online submission system for Interpretation, and select the “Funny Looking Things in seismic data” section in the dropdown menu. The submitted papers will be subject to the regular peer-review process.

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Schedules for special sections/supplements

Interpretation publishes special sections/supplements with several issues throughout the year. Dates for submission, review, editing, acceptance, and publication are published with the call for papers for that topic. The aim is to publish these papers with a turnaround time close to that of regular technical papers.

Generally, the submission deadline would be three to four months after the call for papers is published. The review and editing process would take no longer than seven months. Papers should be published online and in print within ten months of the submission deadline.

To suggest a topic for a special section, e-mail [email protected].

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Interpretation manuscript types and subject headings

The authors are asked to characterize their submissions by manuscript types and subject areas. The manuscript type is used by the SEG manuscript tracking staff when routing a submission to an editor (a member of the board or a guest editor). The editors may use the author's subject area designation when assigning expert reviewers. The assignments of papers to editors are usually based on manuscript type and editorial load.

Once a manuscript is accepted, it will be published as either a Technical Paper or a Tutorial. Using just these two categories (i.e., not ordering the technical papers with subject headings) allows immediate publication of each paper after its composition without waiting for other papers unless it is for a special section.

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Publication of accepted papers

Please note that, similar to limitations on hardship relief detailed above, Interpretation is unable to proceed with publication of papers associated with authors or institutions included on OFAC’s Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN) list. Please review SEG’s Policies and Procedures for detail on permitted and prohibited publishing activities relating to OFAC. Authors and institutions will be checked against the OFAC SDN list at submission and acceptance.

Papers that proceed to production will be posted online within a few days of final acceptance prior to editing and composition. Authors will receive a proof from the production vendor and may request subsequent proofs. Please note that additional proofing rounds cause delays in publication of the final version. After a paper has been edited, composed, and proofread, the final version of record will be published online in advance of print publication.

NOTE: Please bear in mind that the online version of your paper is not another version of the author proof or an opportunity for the author to revise the paper. The online PDF version is the version of record. It is an exact representation of the version that was approved for publication in print. Changes in the online or printed version should be limited to factual or typographical errors serious enough to warrant publication of an erratum. Changes in the online version can result in the paper being withdrawn temporarily from the online site.

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